Framework DesignGroup
Apr 20, 2020

What do muscles use for energy during exercise?

Most activities use a combination of fat and carbohydrate as energy sources. The intensity and duration of your workout directly affects the type of fuel your body uses.

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Framework DesignGroup
Apr 19, 2020

What are electrolytes?

Electrolytes are nutrients that affect fluid balance in the body and are necessary for our nerves and muscles to function. Sodium and potassium are the two electrolytes most often added to sports drinks. Generally, electrolyte replacement is not needed during short bursts of exercise since sweat is approximately 99% water and less than 1% electrolytes.

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Depending on how muscular you are, 55-70% of your body weight is water. Being "hydrated" means maintaining your body's fluid level. When you sweat, you lose water which must be replaced if you want to perform your best. 

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Framework DesignGroup
Apr 17, 2020

How many calories do I need a day?

This depends on your age, body size, sport, and training program. For example, a 250-pound weight lifter needs more calories than a 98-pound gymnast. Exercise or training may increase calorie needs by as much as 1,000 to 1,500 calories a day.

The best way to determine if you are getting too few or too many calories is to monitor your weight. Keeping within your ideal competitive weight range means that you are getting the right amount of calories.

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Competitive athletes, sedentary individuals and people who exercise for health and fitness all need the same basic nutrients. Particular health conditions may require additional supplementation. The intensity of individual sports or training programs may cause some athletes to have higher calorie and fluid requirements. Eating a variety of foods to meet increased calorie needs helps to ensure that the athlete's diet contain appropriate amounts of carbohydrate, protein, vitamins, and minerals.

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Framework DesignGroup
Apr 14, 2020

What is the best diet for an athlete?

The athlete's diet should provide the right amount of energy, essential vitamins, minerals, and protein plus adequate water. No single food or supplement can provide all the daily requirements. A variety of foods are needed every day.

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